Tom Carpenter hosts Jim Davidson of the Society in a program on "The Black Presence in Rutland". Jim discusses the role of blacks in early Rutland and emphasizes the number who lived in Rutland before the Civil War. He also notes that most were born in Vermont. He makes particular note of the Reverend Lemuel Haynes and the Freeman family, including Martin Freeman. The large contingent of black men from Rutland who joined the Massachusetts 54th Regiment (Colored) in the Civil War is also discussed. The program concludes with discussion about the late 19th and early 20th Century black presence in Rutland.